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CATTI三级笔译备考日记(四):十二分极度非常主要的八个效能词:as、v+ing、with

  8. 缘由状从:as 的用法。例句:The 新加坡共和国 passengers begin to
decrease as other airlines spread their operating range。

So successful was her business that Marie was able to set up new
branches elsewhere.

1.I like eating the mooncakes with eggs.

She wascooking when someone knock at the door.

  2.省略句 /倒装:so/系动词/助动词/情态动词 +sb
表示“前面四个景况适用于后人”。例句:


since引导的小时状语从句多用平常过去时,而蕴含since从句的主句平常用前几天完毕时。比方:I
haven’t met her since I left university。

本身试着又干了一回。

He is theonly one of the boys who________ (like) playing
football.

  例句:I know nothing about him except that he used to work in
Shanghai。

④在句式hardly/scarcely…when…, no
sooner…than…中,第一个分句中过去变成时,第二个分句用日常过去时。举个例子:She
had hardly sat down when the phone rang。

被动语态由“being + 过去分词”或“having been +
过去分词”构成,后生机勃勃种日常幸免选择。

  1. Somepeople like to play mahjong, ____ others don’t.

  例句:The more scared we are, the stronger the difficulty will
become。大家越惊愕困苦,困难就可以变得越强盛。

①用that而不用 which的图景:先行词为不定代词all, anything, nothing,
much…;先行词有最高等修饰,有序数词修饰;先行词有only, very,
any等词修饰;先行词既有人又有物时。举例:There is nothing that can
prevent him from doing it。

Ving作定语首要代表动作和用途。

The soup tastes nice.

  例句:Now that we have all the materials ready, we should begin the
new task at
once。既然大家把富有素材都企图好了,大家相应及时初阶那项新的职业。

时刻状语从句:when, whenever每当……,after, before, as, as soon as,
hardly/ scarcely…when…, no sooner…than.。.生龙活虎……就……,while, till,
until, since, once。名词词组the first time第一回,last
time最终二回,every/each time每一回,the next time下一次,the next
day第二天, the moment, the minute, the second, the instant
风姿罗曼蒂克……就……;副词immediately, instantly, directly等也可作连词使用。

一、as的用法

He ran asfast as Mike.

  例句: Only by diligence and honesty can one succeed in life. 
唯有不辞劳碌、正直,一人在生活中才干打响。 

(1)It is+形容词+that…句型。常见的形容词有important, necessary, natural,
funny, strange, surprising, astonishing(让人惊慌的)等。

2) It’s so nice talking to you. 很欢娱和您谈话。

a. and b. but c. or d. so

  5.不定式做定语。例句:The only way to solve our problems will
continue to be rejected。

根据在句中的成效,名词性从句分为:主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句四种。

(3) You will grow wiser as you grow older.

2) Howlovely the dog is! Can you tell me _____?

  例句: Scarcely had he arrived at home when it began to rain。

三。复习要点

② Ving形式作主语,谓语动词用单数。

  1. 波及代词特殊用法

  1. 宾语从句:日常难题句做宾语,引进if或whether

b.
as可代替主句的内容,教导的非节制性定语从句既可放在主句早前,也可放在主句之后。常用来下列句型:as
is known to all, as is said, as is reported, as is announced, as we all
know, as I expect 等。举例: He got the first place again in this
mid-term examination, as we expected。

【注意】①admit, appreciate, avoid,consider, delay, dislike, enjoy,
escape, excuse, feel like, finish, forgive, give up, imagine, include,
keep, mention, mind, miss, practise, put off, resist, risk, suggest,
can’t help, can’t stand等动词后得以用Ving方式作宾语,但不可能用不定式。

It’s sohot that we want to go swimming.

  4.宾语从句:whether的用法。例句:I wonder if/whether it is going to
rain tomorrow。

考纲必要考生能科学推断句子的项目、剖判句子结构、结合语境和句意选取特别的连天词语、推断主语和从句的科学语序、妥当接纳主句和从句谓语动词的时态。

但它们有区别

光阴状语从句的指导词有when, before, after, until, assoon as, since,
while, as 等

  5.The+比较级,the+比较级  表示“越….。。越….。。”。

Scarcely had he sat down when there was a knock at the door。

I’m sorry for not having kept my promise.

Tom’ mother asked him_____________ _______ to try
something new.

  You are a student, so am I。

在复合句中,主句和从句的谓语动词时态平日遵照以下的法则:

【句型2】 There is no + 动名词    

Thebuilding ___________is being built will be used as a
hospital.(指物作主语)

  ⑵代表对过去状态的设想:从句动词用had +过去分词。 

代表因果关系常用的连词有:so, for, therefore等。

The boy said,turning to the man,his eyes opened wide and his hand
raised.

a. where does he come from b. where is he from

  6.状语从句轻易(分词作者状语):从句的主语和状语从句的主语风姿罗曼蒂克致,状从不难接收分词作者状语。例句:

Mr Smith is the only foreigner teacher that he knows。

无论是她什么努力也达不到对象。

结果状语从句主要由so…that…, such…that…指引。

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② 用which而不用
that的情状:引导非约束性定语从句;指代整个主句的情致;用于介词 的前边+
关系代词。举个例子:Chan’s restaurant on Baker Street, which used to be
poorly run, is now a successful business. For many cities in the world,
there is no room to spread our further, of which New York is an
example。

Ving情势作主语常用来下列句型:

  1. “Do you want to try somethingnew?” Tom’s mother asked him.

  例句:He has made it clear that he will not give in.
他申明她不会屈性格很顽强在荆棘载途或巨大压力面前不屈。 

当从句的主语与主句的主语相同一时候,被动结构的状语从句,可归纳与主句雷同的主语和助动词,保留连词+过去分词;主动组织的状语从句,可回顾与主句相近的主语和助动词,保留连词+以后分词。比如:We
all know that, if not carefully dealt with, the situation will get
worse。

下边分别举个例子:

a. But b. So c. And d. Or

  语法知识点3

(3) 名词性从句中的特殊时态

分词短语作定语时,放在被修饰的名词之后;

  1. 代表因果关系的有for, so 等。

  (2)在否定句或难点句中可用 not so…as…. 例句:He can not run so/as
fast as you. 他没你跑得快。

意味着转会关系常用的连词有:but, still, however, yet, while, when等。

2.From space the earth looks like a huge water-covered globe with a few
patches of land sticking out above the water.

并称句:七个或五个以上的简易句,用连词连接起来。

  2. 原因状语从句:since教导的


非节制性定语从句:从句与先行词关系不细瞧,去掉定从句,意思依旧安然无恙。方式上用逗号隔绝,不可能that用辅导。比方:His
movie won several awards at the film festival, which was beyond his
wildest dream. (去掉定语从句,主句的情致仍完整)

Missing the train means waiting for another hour.

地址状语从句日常由 where 指引。

  5.倒装:否定词seldom前移,句子倒装。例句:Seldom did he speak。

⑥在”介词+关系代词”结构中,关系代词只好用which和whom,且不能够轻巧;要是介词在句末,关系代词可用which,
that, whom, 口语中也可用who,且可总结。举个例子:

as教导的退让状语从句必需以局地倒装的款式现身,被倒装的一些能够是表语、状语或动词原形,though间或也用于那样的组织中,但although不得以那样用。

They willhave a picnic unless it rains next Sunday.

  2.only指导的倒装句型:only +状语
(或状语从句)位于句首时,句子部分倒装。 

④在局地意味着傻眼、恒心等情绪色彩的名词性从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”或“should
+have done”,译为“竟然,居然”。譬如:

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3.法规状语从句

  I wish (that) I hadn’t wasted so much time. 
小编后悔不该浪费这么多日子。( 实际11月经浪费掉了。) 

The man (whom/ who/ that) you were talking about is proves to be
friendly。

(先行词是整体主句)

(2) 引导平时难点句用if或whether.

  6.原因状从:now that的用法。now that 代表 “既然”。与 since
的分化之处在于,now that
引出的总得是二个新现身的真相或气象,假如照旧依旧,和千古相比并不曾成形,则毫不
now that 指引。

④事关代词在从句中作主语时,从句的谓语动词单数如故用复数应由先行词决定。比如:

①用于the same…as结构中

A. where did you get it B.where will you get it C. where you got it

  5. 宾语从句:放在介词前边,作介词的宾语。

①约束性定语从句:从句与主句关系紧凑,去掉从句,主句意义缺损,以致不合逻辑。比如:I
was the only person in our office who was
invited。(去掉定语从句,句意就不完全)

(1) She is late, as is often the case.

The man __________spokeat the meeting is from Hong Kong.
(指人作主语)

  语法知识点1

(1)定语从句的分类

I tried doing it again.

  1. 练习

  3.定语从句 who指导的约束性定从。例句:

The first place that they visited in Guilin was Lijing。

1) It’s a waste of time waiting here. 在此等是浪费时间。

  1. ____he is young, ____ he knows several languages.

  ⑴表示对现行反革命情景的虚构:从句动词用过去式或过去实行式表示,be
的千古式用were.   

并列句指把三个相像主要的语句连接在联合,句子之间常用and, not only…but
also…, neither…nor…, then等并称连词连接。

  1. 代表动作(主动的、进行的动作)。

归纳句、并列句和复合句

  注意:若wish 后的宾语从句中用
would,能够代表哀告,平日意味着说话人的不适或可惜。

c. as 指点非约束性定语从句时与which的分别

例如:

This isthe reason_______ he is late today.

  随笔来源:跨考教育[微博]

①当连词as,
though连接迁就状语从句时,作表语的名词、形容词、动词经常置于句首,构成都部队分倒装语序。举个例子:

With him taken care of,we felt quite relieved.(欣慰)→(He was taken good
care of.)

—- They would like to start towork_______ they needn’t depend
on their parents completely.

  Privatization is thought to be beneficial in that it promotes
competition. 合营化的帮助和益处在于能带动相互角逐。

I am glad that your story should have won the first prize。

We don’t allow smoking here. we don’t allow students to smoke.

3)超越行词被the only, the very, the just等修饰时。

  例句:I wish you would be quiet.  作者期望您安然一些。 

名词性从句的连接词可分为三类:that无词义,在从句中不肩负元素,临时可被总结;表示“是或不是”用whether,唯有在宾语从句中,whether可被人if替代。Whether和if在从句中不担负成分。假诺从句缺乏主语、表语、宾语、或定语等句子成分,用接二连三代词what,
whatever, who, whoever, whom, whose,
which;假使从句缺少状语,用一而再三回九转副词when, where, how, why。

Fast as you read, you can’t finish the book so soon.

A. whereB. when C. whose D. which

  注意:但 only修饰主语时,不倒装。例句: Only that girl knew how to
work out the problem.  唯有这位女孩子知道什么样解那道题。

②在so/such…that.。.结果状语从句中,so+形容词/副词或such+名词置于句首时,主句采取部分倒装语序。举个例子:

⑤在短语devote to, look forward to, stick to, be used to, object to,
thank you for, excuse me for, be (kept) busy, be worth, have difficulty
/ trouble / problem(in), have a good / wonderful / hard time(in), feel
 like, get down to等后的动词也必得用Ving情势。

This isthe place _______ Lu Xun was born.

  I wish it would stop raining.  但愿雨能止住。 

相比较状语从句:(not) as/so…as…,than…, the more…the more…(越……越……)
指点。

自己一定要记着做这件事。

常用的连接词有:

  7. 缘由状从:for的用法。由because
引导的从句假使放在句末,且后边有逗号,则能够用并列连词 for
来代表。但若是还是不是验证直接原因,而是种种处境再说推测,就只能用 for
。例句:He is absent today, because/for he is ill.
他今日没来,因为她身患了。


表示“以往”意义的尺度、时间和迁就状语从句中多用日常今后时,而主句用平时未来时,被称作“主将从现”。举例:Tomwon’t go to sleep unless his mother tells him a story。

as所代表的随笔较强,指引的低头状语从句用倒装语序;

考试的场面三 主从复合句:宾语从句

  3. 否定词前置倒装:scarcely…when。.

目标状语从句:in order that (为了),so that (以便)。

如: Forgetting the past means betrayal.

a. after b. when c. unless d. if

  4.it格局宾语:和it 作方式主语同样,  大家常用it 来作情势宾语,
把真正的宾语从句放在句末, 这种情景更是出未来带复合宾语的句子中。

规范状语从句: if, unless, as/so long as(即使;只要),in case (万生机勃勃);
on condition that(即便), suppose, supposing, providing, provide。

不定式作定语: 用不定式作定语,其不时所修饰的名词、代词有: meeting,
reason, time, way, need, right, chance, decision, wish, promise,
ability, anxiety, something, anything, nothing, anybody, somebody,
thing…

4) When I was young, my grandfather told me that the sun ______
(rise) inthe east.

  从句 主句
跟现在事实相反 一般过去式(be用were) would/should/might/could +动原
跟过去事实相反 had+done would/should/might/could+have done
跟将来事实相反 should+动原;were to do sth would/should/might/could +动原

规行矩步句子的用途,越南语的句子可分:叙述句(确定、否定)、疑问句(日常、特殊、采取、反意)、祈使句、感叹句等三种。

We heard her sing two songs.

  1. This shirt was so cheap that becould buy it.

  9. 同位语从句:I want to know the answer to this question who will
be our next president。

② 不分厚薄句的分类

例如:

  1. 简短句只包涵三个主谓结构.

  2. 各个简易句:

  Do you remember the girl who taught us English
?你还记得教大家拉脱维亚语的老大女孩啊?

代表选择涉及常用的连词有:or, either…or…, otherwise等

本身眉头一皱不去那边。

练习

  4. If虚构条件句

It is strange /surprising that she should not have been invited。

have, get, send, leave等采纳动词;

  1. —-Iwon’t go to the party tomorrow.

  语法知识点2

措施状语从句:as(正如;根据),as if/as though (好像)指点。

但在It is no use / good, not any use / good, useless
等后必须用Ving情势。

which\that\省略

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(5)状语从句的简练

固然她是一个子女,但他领略该做哪些。

  1. 意味着顺承关系的:and, not only…but also(不仅仅….何况….)等。

  (Because) being short of money, we can’t afford a TV set. =Because
we are short of money, we can’t afford a TV set。

①意味着“同偶尔候”意义的连词as, when, as soon as, the moment, while
等一连的时刻状语从句,主句和从句时态基本风流倜傥致。比如:As time passed,
things seemed to get worse。

5.as作介词的用法 as作介词,意思是”作为”,”以……身份”

c. where he comes from d. where he wants to go

  1.并列句:由and, or , but连接的多少个句子成为并列句。

This is the best coffee maker that I have ever been made。

the waiting room = the room for waiting 候车室

whose

  ⑶表示对现在的岂有此理意愿:谓语动词方式为“would/ should/ could/ might
+动词原形”。在这里种情状下,主句的主语与从句的主语无法同生机勃勃,因为主句的主语所期待的从句动作能还是无法达成,决定于从句主语的姿态或希望(非动作名词除却)
。 

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CATTI爱沙尼亚语三级笔译备考日记(三):请叫小编管家,叫小编项目老总也可以

考场四 状语从句

  10. 不定式:不定式做指标状语。例句:We get up very early to catch
the first bus。

③ 关系代词as的用法

四、 几点表达:

  1. —-What would some students like to do after finishing their
    education?

  例句: I want to know if he will join us in the discussion?

(1)状语从句的分类

例如:

1) when 在句中作状语,表示时间。

  1.as…as.。。带领的可比级:(1)“as +形容词或副词原级+
as+被比较对象”结构。例句: He studies as hard as you.
他像你相通学习努力。

定语从句经常由关系代词和涉嫌副词教导。关系代词有:who, whom, whose,
which, that, as;关系副词有:when, where,
why。关系代词和关系副词必须放在从句之首,主句的先行词之后,起着连连先行词和从句的功力,同偶然候在从句中又充任句子成分。

Hard as/ though he works, he makes little progress. (=Though he works
hard, he makes little progress.)

a. so that b. when c. because d. until

  例句: Don’t eat too much sugar since it is bad for your health。

Though lacking money, his parents managed to send him to university。

He was afraid of being left at home.

西班牙语轻巧句、并列句、复合句深入分析

  原因状从: in that的用法。例句:

(4)从句和主句中谓语动词的时态

她四年前以游客的身价来过中华。

  1. Mr.Brown knows little Japanese, ______ he can’t understand the
    instructions on thebottle of the pills.

  3.wish引导的设想语气:wish
前面包车型客车从句,今世表与真情相反的情状,或代表以往不太大概完结的意思时,其宾语从句的动词方式为: 

(5)使用定语从句时需注意的多少个难题

The book is worth reading.

1.地址状语从句

  I wish I knew the answer to the question.   
作者期待精晓那些标题标答案。(缺憾不明了。) 

Strange though it may seem, I like housework。

比方: The teacher criticized the student who had broken the window.
先生争辩了打破窗户的学员。

a.until b. though c. because

定语从句分为限定性定语从句非节制性定语从句二种。节制性定语从句对先行词起修饰和限量效用,而非约束性定语从句对先行词起补充和解说表达效果与利益。日常约束性定语从句与先行词之间未有逗号,而非限定性定语从句与先行词之间有逗号隔绝。

(名词+将来分词构成的单身主格结构,作主语)

He oftenhelps others though\ although he is not rich.

a. 当现行反革命词为 the same
+名词,such+名词时,要用关系代词as引导定语从句。举个例子:

他停下来讲话。

He ran ____ fast ______ _____________ catch up
with.

(2)连接状语从句的辞藻

例如:

a. that b. which c. where d. when

(2)定语从句的涉及代词和事关副词

The flowers want watering.

2013-04-07 18:02阅读:7,627

I want to buy the same shirt as yours。

②forget, go on, like, mean, regret, remember, stop,
try等动词可带Ving情势或不定式作宾语,但意义上有差异。

作主语

(4)限定性定语从句与非约束性定语从句的区分

2、 With the meal over , we all went home.

指标状语从句常用的教导词有so that, in order that 等àin order to 轻便句

He made a long speech, as we expected。

My interests are reading  novels, playing football and singing songs.  
 

a.after b. since c. until d. when

Such machines as are used in our workshop are made in Germany。

此次意外即便显得令人出乎意料,却不曾人受到损伤。

I visiteda scientist _______ name is known all over the world.
(指人作定语)

Much as I have traveled, I have never seen anyone who’s as capable as
John。

三、 with结构的特征

  1. Theypiled the snow in one place ______ the children could make
    a snowman.

However amusing the story is, I have to put it away and focus my
attention on study this week。

(结果) 注意:

1) that后的语句是还是不是定句,常用too…to实行更动。

Try as she might, Carol couldn’t get the door open。

金沙国际唯一官网,六、 动词-ing形式作补足语

5) 主+谓+宾+宾补.I find that book very useful.

状语从句普通修饰主句的动词或任何句子,由从属连词指引,从属连词在从句中不肩负句子成分。依据状语从句所抒发的不如含义和意义,可分为时间、地方、原因、条件、目标、结果、妥协、比较、情势等状语从句。

例如:

He worksharder in order that he can go to a good college.

(6)状语从句被用于重申组织中

  1. 在感官动词:

(3)
假若宾语从句陈说的是客观事实、真理、自然现象等,不管主句用什么时态,从句都用平日以往时。

二。命题导向

That’s the plan to build the factory.

2) that后的语句是分明句。常用enough to 进行转移。

地点状语从句:where,wherever(无论这里)。

例如:

I want to know when the train left.

状语从句作为被重申有个别用以重申组织时,意气风发律用It is/was
…that…,不能够用when替代that。句子用陈说语序。注意:当重申Not until
+时间/时间状语时,主句的谓语动词不再利用倒装语序。比如:It was not until
the war was over that the soldier was able to return home。

They don”t have as many airplanes.

*So… that…与轻松句之间的句型转变

③ 在包含advice, order, demand, proposal(建议), requirement,
suggestion等名词的表语从句、同位语从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”,should可粗略。

(名词+介词短语构成的单身主格结构,作状语,表示伴随情形)。

(1)当提到代词在从句中作主语时,从句的谓语动词要与先行词保持一致。

(2) It is +名词+that…句型。常见的名词有pity, shame, advice, suggestion,
proposal(提议,建议), requirement, request, desire, order等。

例如:

Pleasesay it in a loud voice so that everyone can hear it.

拗然而状语从句: no matter who/whom/what/which/how/when/where, though,
although, as, even if /even though, whatever, whoever, however,
wherever, whenever等。

例如:

The shirtwas so cheap that he bought it. à the shirt was cheap enough
forhim to buy.

⑤ 在as if/though
指导的状语从句中,假设表示生机勃勃种与事实相反夸张,从句多用日常过去时或过去到位时。比方:She
stared at me as though I were a complete stranger。

【注意】

a. that b. which c.who d. whom

①超过行词为人时用who
作主语,whom作宾语;②超越行词为物或任何句重时用which,可作主语或宾语;③事先词为人、物时用that
,可作主语或宾语;④ whose用作定语,可指人或物;⑤
关系副词when指时间,在定语从句中作时间状语;⑥where(指地方,在定语从句中作地方状语);why指原因,在定语从句中作原因状语。

用as时,主句和从句的动作同临时常候发出,具备持续的意思。

He tells me (that ) he is going shopping thisSunday.

④ however与形容词、副词一同教导迁就状语从句,句子接收陈说语序。比如:

我们发掘那老太太躺在床面上。

(1)主句是平常以往时,日常将来时或祈使句,宾语从句可依赖实际需要选用各个时态。

(1)名词性从句分类:

永不说话。

  1. Benasked me ______ I had read the news in today’s newspaper.

I am surprised /shocked that you should speak in such a way。

例如:

This shirt was _____ _______ ________
_______________ buy.

2.状语从句:


语态性。应怀念动词-ing格局与句子主语之间的关联是主谓关系还是动宾关系,据此来鲜明语态。

The traffic had to stop ______ _______ the_______
snow.

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